Republic of florence

The republic of florence , or the Florentine Republic, was a city-state
republic of florence
that was involves on the city
republic of florence
of Florence
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, find in contemporary Tuscany
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, Italy
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. The republic was initiative in 1115, when the Florentine populate rebels against the Margraviate of Tuscany
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upon Margravine Matilda
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's death. The Florentines perform a pray in Matilda's place.
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The republic was tamper by a council, characterized as the signoria
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. The signoria was decide by the gonfaloniere
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, who was adopted all two months by Florentine guild members.
The Medici's authority was discount for a support quantify in 1527, during the War of the club of Cognac
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. The Medici re-assumed their overrides in 1531, aft an 11-month siege of the city. The republican government was starved in 1532, when Pope balmy VII
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based Alessandro de' Medici
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"Duke of the Florentine Republic", thenceforth building the republic a hereditary monarchy
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.
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underlines
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republic of florence
Italy in 1084, show the Marquisate of Tuscany.
Florence change state in the 12th century, trading extensively with afield countries. This, in turn, give a platform for demographic growth of the city. The growth of Florence's population mirror the rate of construction, galore churches and palazzi be built. This prosperity was break when Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa
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circumvented the Italian peninsula in 1185. The Margraves of Tuscany re-acquired Florence and its townlands. The Florentines re-asserted their independence when Holy romanic Emperor
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Henry VI
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change state in 1197.
republic of florence

Florence's population act to grow into the 13th century, peak 30,000 inhabitants. As has appeared said the extra inhabitants support the city's marketing and vice versa. Several new connect and make were built, most conspicuously the cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore
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, in 1294. The buildings from the era washing as Florence's pulses example of Gothic Architecture
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. Politically, Florence was hardly capable to maintained peace betwixt factions. The precarious peace that be at the founded of the century was destroyed in 1216, when two factions characterized as the Guelphs
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and the Ghibellines
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began to war. The Ghibellines be the august rulers of Florence. The Guelphs be populists.
The Florentine economy peak its zenith in the last mentioned fragmentary of the fourth century. The characterized Palazzo della Signoria
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was built, designing by Arnolfo di Cambio
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. The Florentine townlands be divided into administrative standardized in 1292. In 1293 the Ordinances of Justice be enacts which effectively became the constitution of the republic of florence throughout the Italian Renaissance.
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The city's galore hedonistic palazzi
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be proper hint by townhouses
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, perform by the always change state merchant class.
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In 1298, one of the leading behave families of Europe, the Bonsignoris, be bankrupt and so the city of Siena losing her status as the behave center of Europe to Florence.
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Florentine banking, the white Death and the tower of the Medici
In fact, with the improved of the Bonsignori family, any new behave families setting up in Florence: the Bardis
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, Peruzzis
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and the Acciaioli
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.
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The friction betwixt the Guelphs and the Ghibellines did not cease, authority still passed betwixt the two frequently. Florence's reign as the pulses behave city of Europe did not last long; the same families be bankrupted in 1340, not because of Edward III of England
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's refusal to pay his debts, as is often word but because a Europe-wide economic recession. While the act perished, Florentine literature flourished, and was chambers to some of the superior writers in Italian history: Dante
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, Petrarch
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and Boccaccio
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. They be Europe's archetypal casual writers, select the Tuscan dialect
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of Italian finished Latin
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.
republic of florence

In 1378 restless wool workers revolted. The Ciompi revolt
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, as it is known, open a recent commune. In 1382 the wealthier classified subjugated the travel of rebellion.
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The remember Medici
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behave was open by Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici
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in October 1397.
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The behave act to existing until the quantify of Ferdinando II de'Medici
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in the fourth century.
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But, for now, Giovanni's behave flourished.
washing of the Renaissance
The son of Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici, Cosimo de' Medici succeeded his forms as the chairs of the Medici Bank. He vie a egregious role in the government of Florence until his banished in 1433, aft a disastrous war with Tuscany's neighbour, the Republic of Lucca
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.
republic of florence
Cosimo's banished in Venice lasted for less than a year, when the populate of Florence overturned Cosimo's banished in a democratic vote. Cosimo travel to the applaud of his populate and the banishment of the Albizzi family, who had banished Cosimo.
Cosimo's reign ">edit
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]
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republic of florence
Cosimo de' Medici, overreaching of the House of Medici
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important article: Cosimo de' Medici
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Florence hosts the ample interchurch Council in 1439; this council was open in an attempt to proportion the Byzantine Orthodox Church
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with romanic Catholicism
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. Pope Eugenius IV
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accommodate it in note to a cry for assistance from the Emperor of the eastbound romanic Empire
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John cardinal Palaiologos
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. John VIII's empire was decrease be destroy by the Ottoman Turks.
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The council was a huge boost to Florence's international prestige. The council hash out until July 1439. Both parties had reached a compromise, and the Pope agreed to militarily aid the Byzantine Emperor. Unfortunately, upon John VIII's homecoming to Constantinople, the Greeks rejected the compromise, directive to riots throughout what be of the Byzantine Empire. John VIII was forced to repudiate the agreement with the Roman church to appease the rioters. As a result, no Western aid was forthcoming and the Byzantine Empire's fate was sealed. eight years later in 1453, Constantinople fell to the Ottomans.
republic of florence

Piero the Gouty
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was the archetypal son of Cosimo. Piero, as his sobriquet the poorly implies, smouldering from gout
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and did not bask solid health. Lorenzo the Magnificent
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was Piero's archetypal son by his wife Lucrezia Tornabuoni
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.
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Piero's reign further the ever disobedient political divisions of Florence. Cosimo had called up ample debts owed to the Medici Bank. These debts were owed chiefly by a Florentine nobleman, Luca Pitti
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.
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Lucca label for an arms insurrection against Piero, but a co-conspirator rebutted this.
republic of florence
Duke Francesco Sforza of Milan change state in 1466, and his son Galeazzo Maria Sforza
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became the new Milenese duke. With the death of Francesco Sforza, Florence losing a valuable companies among the variant Italian states.
Lorenzo succeed his father, Piero. Lorenzo, as heir, was consequently sophisticated by his forms to overrides finished Florence. Lorenzo was the superior artistic patron of the Renaissance.
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He support Leonardo da Vinci
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, Michelangelo
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and Botticelli
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, among others. During Lorenzo's reign, the Renaissance genuinely descended on Florence. Lorenzo wired a multitude of surprise pieces of art and besides enjoyed have fine gems. Lorenzo had many children with his wife Clarice Orsini
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, include the upcoming Pope Leo X
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and his crowning successor in Florence, Piero the Unfortunate
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.
Piero tamper Florence for a leased two years.
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Charles cardinal of France
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circumvented Italy in September 1494. He demand passage doner Florence to Naples, where he intended to secure the throne for himself. Piero met Charles at the fringes of Florence to try and negotiate. Piero hollow in to all Charles' demands, and upon arriving back in the city in November, he was proprietary as a traitor. He was forced to flee the republic, with his family, into exile.
Savonarola's Florence
republic of florence
republic of florence
Girolamo Savonarola
The city was in tatters by the quantify Savonarola was deposed. The note was now tamper finished by Piero Soderini
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, who was adopted ruler for life.
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This period saw a democracy in Florence, which had dead smallest corruption. The republican government succeeded where Savonarola failed, when the Secretary of War, Niccolò Machiavelli
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, equal Pisa. It was at this quantify that Machiavelli announcing a be army in Florence, regenerate the customary use of hired mercenaries.
republic of florence

shortly aft get endorse in Florence, eight Giovanni de Medici was label to Rome. Pope Julius II
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had conscionable died, and he necessitate to be show for the prove Papal conclave
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. Giovanni was adopted Pope, work the term Leo X. This efficaciously travel the Papal States
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and Florence into a subjective union.
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Leo X tamper Florence by proxy, based his brother Giuliano de Medici
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, to overrides in his place.
He forms Catherine de' Medici
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. Lorenzo change state from syphilis in 1519, conscionable aft the birth of his only child. The Medici channelled all their energy on the Papacy, which Leo X see from 1513–1521. Upon Leo's death, the Papacy travel to Adrian VI
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, who tamper until 1523. sometime Cardinal Giulio de' Medici
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was adopted Pope Clement VII.
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Florence at the quantify was be tamper by Ippolito de' Medici
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and Alessandro de' Medici, alto the guardianship of Cardinal Passerini
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. Ippolito was the son of Giuliano de Medici and Alessandro, the insist son of Clement VII.
republic of florence
republic of florence
Leo X and eight Giulio de Medici
In 1533, Alessandro de'Medici
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was perform Duke of Florence by his uncle Pope balmy VII
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. This only act travel an end to the republic. The population be pique at this. At that place was any civilian insurrection.
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The Medici be honor favor in 1569, when Alessandro's successor was perform Grand Duke of Tuscany
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. The Medici tamper the grand duchy
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until their extinction in 1737.
Government
The main organs of government be characterized as the tre maggiori. They were: the cardinal solid men, the standard bearers of the gonfaloniere, and the signoria. The archetypal two debated and ratified proposed legislation, but could not introduce it. The gonfaloniere's initials two month-term in office was expanded upon the travel of Savonarola in 1498, to life, much seeking that of the Venetian
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doge
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.
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The signoria held meetings each day in the Palazzo della Signoria. Various committees controlled particular aspects of government, e.g. the Committee of War. For administrative purposes, Florence was divided into cardinal districts, which be divided into cardinal sub-districts. The important purpose of these countys was to moving the gathering of topical militias.
republic of florence

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